Friday, December 4, 2009

Equal Protection of Law

In order that there can be valid classification so that a discriminatory governmental act may pass the constitutional norm of equal protection, it is necessary that the four (4) requisites of valid classification be complied with, namely:
  1. It must be based upon substantial distinctions;
  2. It must be germane to the purposes of the law;
  3. It must not be limited to existing conditions only; and
  4. It must apply equally to all members of the class. (Quinto v. Comelec, G.R. No. 189698, 1 December 2009)

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